The Universe in a Teaspoon

There are 1.648×10^23 molecules in 1 tsp (4.929 ml) of water. There are three atoms in a single molecule of water, meaning there are a staggering 4.943×10^23 atoms within a single teaspoon of water.

This means there are more atoms held in that teaspoon than there are stars in the universe (3×10^23 stars, according to research published in 2010 by Pieter G. van Dokkum and Charlie Conroy).

The volume of the Pacific Ocean, according to the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center in 2010, is 1.339×10^23 tsp, which is significantly less than the number of atoms in a single teaspoon of water.

I’m amazed that within something as seemingly insignificant as a teaspoon of water, there might as well be an infinity of atoms. Those atoms can themselves be broken down into subatomic particles which can be broken down still into tinier objects still, such as gluons.

The mind boggles.

Jet Fuel Can Catastrophically Weaken Steel Beams

a young girl, missing one of her bottom teeth

I hope your experience is different, but in my circle of experience, there are still people who well and truly believe that something incredibly conspiratorial occurred on September 11, 2001 — that the impact of two aircrafts could not have caused the collapse of the World Trade Center towers.

It doesn’t matter how often the conspiracy theories are debunked, people still believe it.

This may frustrate those of us with a more rational approach to the situation, but it certainly should not surprise us.  Continue reading “Jet Fuel Can Catastrophically Weaken Steel Beams”

Every Viewer an Editor

In the future, realtime graphical rendering will be advanced to the point that no movie will need to be produced using live action. Any plot, actor, animal, location, or prop will be rendered at will according to the preferences of the end user. Don’t like Matt Damon in a movie but do like Ben Affleck? Download the Affleck package (combining animations, skins, and voice patterns), insert into the movie, and there you go. Fancy changing the macguffin from a cosmic cube to a rubber ducky? Swap the prop preference, and wham-o!  Continue reading “Every Viewer an Editor”